Simulation of lattice statistical models with defects: Critical Casimir Effect
The influence of lattice structure defects on phase transition phenomena was studied in framework of 2D spin model. Effective mass of defect was proposed for investigation of conformal properties of the model at critical point. The volume dependence of defect's mass at critical point and the Critical Casimir interaction of two defects were studied. It was shown that this Casimir interaction is attraction for any value of hopping parameter. The confinement of the defect on the defects line and the process of defects line collapse were studied. Applications in nanophysics and biophysics were discussed.
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Applications Beyond QCD