Atiyah-Patodi-Singer index theorem for domain-wall fermion Dirac operator
Recently, the Atiyah-Patodi-Singer(APS) index theorem attracts attention for understanding physics on the surface of materials in topological phases. Although it is widely applied to physics, the mathematical setup in original APS index theorem is too abstract and general (allowing non-trivial metric and so on) and also the connection bewteen the APS boundary condition and the physical boundary condition on the surface of topological material is unclear. For this reason, in contrast to Atiyah-Singer index theorem, derivation of the APS index theorem in physics language is still missing. In this talk, we attempt to reformulate the APS index in a "physicist-friendly" way, similar to the Fujikawa method on closed manifolds, for our familiar domain-wall fermion Dirac operator in a flat Euclidean space. We find that the APS index is naturally embedded in the determinant of domain-wall fermions, representing the so-called anomaly descent equations.
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