Minimally doubled fermions and spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking
- Dr. Rudina OSMANAJ (ZEQIRLLARI)
- Dr. Rudina OSMANAJ (ZEQIRLLARI) (University of Tirana, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Deparment of Physics)
Chiral symmetry breaking in massless QCD is a very important feature in the current understanding of low energy physics. Low - lying Dirac modes are suitable to help us understand the spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking, since the formation of a non zero chiral condensate is an effect of their accumulation near zero. The Banks – Casher relation links the spectral density of the Dirac operator to the condensate with an identity that can be read in both directions. In this work we propose a spectral method to achieve a reliable determination of the density of eigenvalues of Dirac operator near zero using the Gauss – Lanczos quadrature. In order to understand better the dynamical chiral symmetry breaking and use the method we propose, we have chosen to work with minimally doubled fermions. These kind of fermions have been proposed as a strictly local discretization of the QCD fermions action, which preserves chiral symmetry at finite cut-off. Being chiral fermions, is easier to work with them and their low- lying Dirac modes and to understand the dynamical spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking.